Plato’s five regimes
The philosopher Plato divided Ancient Greek government forms into five groups, in descending order of moral goodness:
The Aristocracy, literally excellent-power, where a sole ruler, a philosopher-king presides over a realm and is assisted by such aristocratic and bureaucratic systems as deemed necessary.
The Timocracy, literally honour-power, where an honour or wealth based elite presides over a realm in harmony.
The Oligarchy, literally few-rule, where an elite, closely resembling that in a timocracy, rules a realm.
The Democracy, literally people-power, bordering on anarchy, where a government rules with only popular support.
The Anarchy, literally no-power, where there is no government, law or order.